Alternative Energy and Electric Vehicle Glossary
We have put together some of the terms, jargon and acronyms that are used in the alternative energy(green energy) industry. As this is an emerging industry the terminologies used are somewhat dynamic and new words come into use regularly. We will add new terms as they become available. We trust you will find this glossary useful. Please visit our blog if you have comments or info on words you feel we should add.
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Electric Vehicle (EV)
A vehicle driven entirely by power from electric motors. Normally the energy to power the motors comes from several onboard batteries. Some other associated terms and acronyms are: BEV,CEV,LREV,SEV
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
Most electric vehicles are currently battery electric vehicles. In the future there could be many power sources onboard the vehicle to supply electricity to the motors.
Rapid Electric Vehicle (REV)
An electric vehicle that is capable of highway speed. This term is often used to differentiate from NEV (NEV is defined below).
Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV)
An electric vehicle that is for driving around the neighborhood. It is generally not capable of highway speeds but could probably reach a max speed of 40 MPH so it is perfect for taking the kids to school or going to the grocery store.
Hybrid Vehicle (HV)
A vehicle that has an internal combustion engine onboard but also has motors that are used some of the time to drive the vehicle. Often the motors are only used at low speeds and the the engine kicks in to supply the wheels power at speeds above 15 or 20 miles per hour.
Solar Powered Electric Vehicle (SPEV, SPV, SEV)
An electric vehicle that is primarily powered by solar cell or energy stored from solar cells. Normally the drive system would still be an electric motor.
Green Energy (Alternative Energy)
Forms of energy that are generally considered to be renewable. Today the most widely accepted forms of alternative or green energy are wind and solar energy.
The force exerted on a metal or magnetic object by an electromagnet. One of the most common uses of inductance or inductive force is in an inductive AC motor.
A capacitor with higher than normal energy storage capacity. These devices can be use as a short storage life battery. This technology has blurred the line between battery use tasks and capacitor use tasks. The advantage of ultracapacitors is that in some cases they can store more energy than a battery and have a higher energy density ah/lb or kwh/kg.